Roan Antelope

Hippotragus equinus cottoni & Hippotragus equinus

Scientific Name

Roan Antelope:  
Hippotragus equinus cottoni & Hippotragus equinus

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Roan Antelopes range from the southern Sahara to Botswana.

Natural Habitat

Roan Antelopes are found in lightly wooded savannas with medium to tall grasses and they must have access to water.

Physical Characteristics

  • Roan Antelopes’ fur is grayish-brown with a hint of red. They have black and white facial markings, very long pointed ears that are tufted at the tip and long horns that are strongly curved backwards. The female is similar to the male, but with smaller, less heavily ridged horns. Roan antelopes have a mane consisting of short stiff hair that is black at the tip. The tail also has black hair on the tip. Males can weigh up to 600 pounds, females up to 500 pounds. Roan Antelopes may live to 17 years in the wild.

Quick Facts

  1. Roan Antelopes are defense animals. When threatened by predators, they have been known to kill lions with their scimitar-horns.

  2. Three basic sounds have been recorded: a high-pitched squeal signifying anger, an equine snort for alarm, and a low hissing sound when wounded.

  3. Roans can live up to 17 years in the wild!


Roan Antelope & Addax

Conservation Status

Least Concern: The Roan Antelope is common or abundant and is likely to survive in the wild.

Help Us End Extinction

Adoption is simple. Show how much you care about animals all year round by selecting your favorite animal from our adoption list.



Roan Antelopes are grazers that prefer leaves over stems. They graze on grasses, herbs, leaves of small bushes and desert succulents.