Bald Eagle: Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Distribution and Habitat
The Bald Eagle resides in most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico.
They are found in wetland habitats such as seacoasts, rivers, large lakes, marshes or other large bodies of open water with an abundance of fish. They can also be found in drier regions in the southern part of their range. They prefer coniferous or hardwood trees for perching, roosting, and nesting.
An adult bald eagle is dark brown with a white head and tail. The tail is long and wedge-shaped. Males and females are identical in coloration but females are larger than males. Their beaks, feet and irises are bright yellow. They have no feathers on their legs. The talons are large and powerful.
Bald Eagles build some of the largest, heaviest bird nests in the world. A pair will add to the size of their nest during each nesting season.
Bald Eagles are not bald. Their name comes from the old English word “balde,” which means white and refers to their white feathers.
The Bald Eagle is both the national bird and national animal of the United States of America. The Bald Eagle appears on the Great Seal of the United States.