Blue and Gold Macaw:
Distribution and Habitat
Blue and gold macaws can be found in areas of South America, specifically Eastern Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, northeastern Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and northern Argentina.
This species of macaw prefers to inhabit forests that grow in swampy ground or along rivers.
Macaws are the largest and most colorful members of the parrot family. The blue and gold macaw has a rich blue-colored crown, nape, back, wings and upper side of the tail. The forehead is bright green. The sides of the neck and the underparts of the feathers are a golden yellow. The skin around the eye is bare except for small, scattered black feathers in narrow lines. There is a large black patch on the throat. They have a large head, short neck, and large, black, hooked beak. Each foot has sharp, grasping claws; two toes in front and two behind. They have distinctively long tail feathers which are an overall 31-35 inches in length. The voice of these birds is a very loud shriek, though they also mimic a wide variety of sounds and are excellent talkers.
Most macaws have been imported to Europe and North America to be sold as pets. This has had a serious effect on the wild population; some species are already extinct. Collectors often cut down trees so they can take young macaws from their nests. But the birds are often killed in the process. However, the greatest threat to the macaw’s survival is the destruction of its habitat as forests are cut down to clear land for agriculture.