Blue Poison Arrow Frog:
Distribution and Habitat
The blue poison frog lives in the savannah of Surinam in South America.
Partial to the jungle areas, this frog is found near streams and also in the savannah.
The coloration of the blue poison dart frog is an azure-blue hue on the limbs, a sky-blue on its dorsal surface, and a darker blue on its ventral surface. An irregular pattern of dark blue and black spots of various sizes cover this background coloration with the majority of the spotting located on its back as well as its head. The pattern of spots is unique to each frog and thus serves as a “fingerprint” to differentiate between individuals. This coloration also serves as a warning to would-be predators of the frog’s poisonous properties. In fact, its skin is covered with a myriad of glands that secrete alkaloid poisons capable of paralyzing, even killing predators. The blue poison dart frog is tiny but toxic and measures about two inches in size.
- The poison from these frogs has long been used by Indians. They dip their hunting arrows in the poison to produce quick deaths in small birds and monkeys.
- Scientists discover new species of dart frogs continually in their tropical forest explorations.
- They prey on invertebrates, especially certain ant species, which build up really strong poisons in the frog.