California Sea Lion: Zalophus californianus
Distribution and Habitat
These Sea lions are found from the Pacific Coast of Vancouver all the way to Baja which is where California meets Mexico. They prefer the warmer waters off the coast of California and Mexico for breeding.
You’ll find California sea lions in coastal and continental shelf waters, bays, harbors and river mouths. Occasionally they can be found up to several hundred kilometers offshore.
Sea lions have large powerful front flippers, a dog-like muzzle that is slightly tapered and long with a blunt end. A prominent sagittal (forehead bones) crest, creating a high peaked crown, is present in full-grown males. The coat of the sea lion varies from a dark brown to sandy brown sides to a tan underbelly. They possess between 34-38 teeth used for grasping and tearing.
Sea lions can hold their breath for up to ten minutes.
Their swimming speed can reach as fast as 30 miles per hour.
They are very vocal and produce loud barking noises.