Cane Toad

Rhinella marina

Scientific Name

Cane Toad:  
Rhinella marina

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Cane toads can be found across thousands of miles in the Northeastern Australian territory.

Natural Habitat

Cane toads can be found in closed scrub, grasslands or low open forests.

Physical Characteristics

  • This heavily-built amphibian has dry warty skin that can consist of a yellowish, grey or reddish tint. Males are smaller and contain more warts than females. At a young age, Cane Toads have smooth dark skin that contain even darker blotches.

Quick Facts

  1. The first Cane Toad was brought to Queensland in 1935 by entomologist Reginald Mungomery. The crate carrying them from Hawaii contained 51 males and 51 females although one of the males was found dead upon arrival. It took approximately one week for the toads to start laying eggs and by 3 days time they began to hatch. Within weeks there were thousands.


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Conservation Status

Least Concern: The Cane Toad is common or abundant and is likely to survive in the wild.

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Cane toads are opportunistic carnivores that eat mostly insects but have been reported eating other small vertebrates as well.