Macaca fuscata fuscata
Distribution and Habitat
These monkeys may be found on the Japanese islands of Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. They live further north than any primate, with the exception of man.
The snow monkey inhabits forested mountain slopes and sparsely populated hilly regions.
Snow monkeys are Old World monkeys (possess a non-prehensile tail and nostrils closer together). They are most known for their red, hairless face with low brow ridges. These monkeys may weigh as much as 30 pounds and have a body length of 21 inches. They are the largest of the macaques. Their bodies are covered in thick fur that ranges in color from grey to brown. Their fur serves as insulation against the cold winters where temperatures may reach minus five degrees Celsius. They spend a good deal of time sunbathing, huddling together, sleeping and bathing in hot springs.
Snow monkeys play a special role in mythology, folklore and art in Japan. Most familiar are the three monkeys which represent the wisdom of Buddha: see no evil, hear no evil and speak no evil.
Both parents and other adults share the role of raising infants.