Mandarin Duck: Aix Galericulata
Distribution and Habitat
Mandarin Ducks are found in eastern Russia, China and Japan.
Mandarin Ducks live in forests habitats with accessible ponds and streams.
The adult male Mandarin Duck is a striking and unmistakable bird. He has a red bill, large white crescent above the eye and a reddish face and whiskers. His breast is purple with two vertical white bars, the flanks ruddy, with two orange sails at the back. The female has a white eye-ring and stripe running back from the eye, similar to the female Wood Duck, but is paler below, with a small white flank stripe and a pale tip to her bill. The Mandarin Duck is a medium-sized perching duck, closely related to the American Wood Duck. It is 41-49 cm long with a 65-76 cm wing span. Their weight range is 1-2 pounds. Like all ducks, their feet are thin and flat, making it easier for them to paddle through the water. They can live 3 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.
Mandarin Ducks are considered one of the most beautiful, decorative ducks in the world.
Mandarin Ducks are a symbol of marital fidelity in Asian art, due to their habit of having monogamous mating pairs.
Mandarin Ducks perch and nest in trees, not common for ducks.