Puerto Rican Crested Toad

Peltophryne Lemur

Scientific Name

Puerto Rican Crested Toad:  
Peltophryne Lemur

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Puerto Rican crested toads are the only toad species native to Puerto Rico and once ranged over the entire island of Puerto Rico at lower elevations. While they may have also been found on Virgin Gorda, they are thought to be extinct on that island.

They are presently found only in single locations on the northwest and southwest coasts.

Natural Habitat

Puerto Rican Crested Toads live in low lying areas with rocky crevices or
well-drained soil.

Physical Characteristics

  • Puerto Rican Crested toads are true toads with the rough warty skin.  In color, they are an overall drab olive to blackish-brown with the top of their heads shaded yellow.  Their limbs are also yellowish with darker crossbands.  The males are more yellow than the females.  Their underbelly is a dirty white.  The tops of their “warts” are darker in color.  The females are larger than the males and their toes are rather short and are partially webbed.  As their name implies, they have a high bony ridge on their head.  This crest joins in a “V” shaped structure on the crown of the head.

Quick Facts

    • The female toad may lay as many as 15,000 eggs in long black strands.


    •  In 1984, 792 toadlets were successfully reintroduced back into Puerto Rico.  500 of these were from the Buffalo Zoo and in recognition of this project, the AAZPA Bean Award was presented.


    • Puerto Rican crested toads are nocturnal.


Amphibian and Reptile Center

Conservation Status

Critically Endangered: The Puerto Rican Crested Toad is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

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In the wild, they will feed on beetles and millipedes.  In captivity, tadpoles are fed fish food and toddles and toads are fed mealworms, ants, earthworms, beetles and pinkies.