Trumpeter Hornbill

Bycanistes Bucinator

Scientific Name

Trumpeter Hornbill:  
Bycanistes Bucinator

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Trumpeter Hornbills are found in central and southeastern Africa.

Natural Habitat

Trumpeter Hornbills inhabit humid forests, savannas, woodlands and coastal shrubs.

Physical Characteristics

  • Trumpeter Hornbills, like all hornbills, have a casque on top of their bill. This extension of the bill is larger in males than in females. The plumage is mostly black, but has gray and some white as well. The skin around the eye ranges from bright pink to dark purple. Their feet and bill are mainly black. Their length is 23-26 inches, weigh 1-1.5 pounds, and have a wingspan of 24 inches. They are very intelligent and can live up to 20 years.

Quick Facts

  1. Trumpeter Hornbills are crepuscular omnivores.

  2. Trumpeter Hornbills mate for life and build a nest that encloses the female and eggs in a tree hole for 15 days.

  3. Trumpeter Hornbills are intelligent and have a friendly temperament.


Gorilla House

Conservation Status

Least Concern: The Trumpeter Hornbill is common or abundant and is likely to survive in the wild.

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Trumpeter Hornbills are omnivores, eating fruits, insects and small mammals. They swallow their food whole and regurgitate the indigestible seeds, exoskeletons and bones.