Amur Tiger

Panthera tigris altacia

Scientific Name

Amur Tiger:  
Panthera tigris altacia

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

There are a total of 200-300 Amur tigers in the Amur-Ussuri region of Asia (northern Asia), northern China and Korea. Southeastern Siberia and Manchuria.

Natural Habitat

Reeds and bushes in river valleys, mountain taiga and mixed forests traversed by rivers with rock outcroppings. In summer they live at altitudes of up to 4,000 feet; in winter they move to lower altitudes.

Physical Characteristics

Amur tigers are the largest living feline in the world.

  • Amur Tigers are the largest and heaviest subspecies of tiger. The males can be three to four feet high at the shoulder and up to 12 feet long (including tail), and can weigh up to 800 pounds. Females are somewhat smaller weighing up to 500 pounds. Their body fur is reddish fawn in color with blackish brown transverse stripes and a white ventral side. There are white patches on the face. The coloration of the Amur Tiger is lighter than other tiger species as an environmental adaptation for survival. To survive winter temperatures of – 40F, their fur is thicker and longer than other subspecies of tigers. Along with a layer of fat, this helps them to withstand the bitter cold. Their large paws act like snow shoes. Amur Tigers also have a ruff of fur around their necks. No two tigers have the same stripe patterns. Their stripes are actually on the skin, not just the fur, so if they were shaved, you would see the stripes on their body. Their face markings are so distinctive that they are used to tell the tigers apart.

Quick Facts

  1. Unlike most cats, tigers love the water and are very good swimmers.

  2. Amur tigers are so strong that they are capable of dragging prey that would normally take more than a dozen men to move.

  3. Socially, the male tiger prefers to be solitary and the female lives in family units.

  4. The Amur Tiger was formerly known as the Siberian Tiger.

  5. Tigers do not display bilateral symmetry with their stripes.

Exhibit

Tiger

Conservation Status

Critically Endangered: The Amur Tiger is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

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Diet

Carnivore

A tiger consumes about 12 pounds of meat at a time and can eat as much as 60 pounds in one night.

In the wild tigers usually hunt deer, wild pigs and wild cattle. When food is scarce they will eat small mammals, amphibians and domestic stock. They also enjoy porcupine meat.

In human care a commercially prepared feline diet is consumed. Amur tigers fast once a week and are given fresh, hard bones in lieu of their daily ration.